Handbook of best practice and standards for 3D imaging of Natural History specimens

Scope of the Handbook
The scope of this handbook is to present the different digitization techniques currently in use in European institutions. By presenting these techniques we aim to provide a guideline for other starting digitization initiatives by showing, which techniques can be used for a certain collection or specimen. In this handbook of best practice one will find, besides the general information of a certain technique, a thorough workflow, an equipment list and a test case per institution on how to create a good digital replica of a specimen.


  1. Introduction
  2. 2D+ Digitisation
  3. 3D Digitization
  4. Challenging Materials
  5. Data Management
  6. Data Distribution
  7. Workflows
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith